The standard body temperature is 37.00 C (98.60 F). The temperature is controlled by the hypothalamus which is the thermoregulatory centre. A normal variation of 0.50C occurs in an individual’s body depending on the time of the day. Based on a particular study carried out, the morning temperature for most adults is > 37.20 C, and in the afternoon it is >37.70 C which is considered as fever (Kushimoto, et al., 2014 ). Tony’s temperature is 37.9 C which shows that it is not within the normal temperature range. Thus, Tony suffers from hyperthermia which is a condition when the body temperature is above the normal. Tony’s body is warm to touch because of increase in temperature because of poor feeding and dehydration. Other symptoms of hypothermia that Tony experiences include low energy and tiredness.
When measuring the blood pressure, the doctors use two measurements that are the lower and higher measurements. The top number is systolic while the bottom number is diastolic. When the heart beats, it pushes blood through the arteries. The force that is created on the arteries is referred to as systolic blood pressure. Normal systolic pressure is supposed to be between 120 -139 (Adji & O’Rourke, 2015 ). A systolic blood pressure of more than 140 on repeated measurements is considered as high blood pressure or hypertension. The bottom number which is diastolic blood pressure shows the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. A normal diastolic blood pressure is supposed to be between 80 and 89. A diastolic pressure of more than 90 is an indication of hypertension. Tony’s blood pressure is 145/78 mmHg which is a sign that he is suffering from hypertension because his systolic blood pressure is above the normal.
Tony is suffering from high blood pressure, and he has to consider changing his lifestyle for his blood pressure to get back to its normal state. First, he does not involve himself in any exercise. He spends most of his time watching television. Secondly, its dietary lifestyle is questionable. He does not cook at home. He prefers buying takeaway food which is deep fried and not good for his health. Also, he drinks a little water and instead takes soft drinks and 8 cups of coffee daily.
One of the interventions that Tony is supposed to consider is carrying out exercises regularly. Notably, dynamic aerobic regular training reduces blood pressure significantly. Research carried out showed that habitual aerobic exercise reduces pressure at a rate of approximately 7/6 mmHg (Sharmana & Stowasser, 2009). Thus, aerobic exercise is considered as an approach towards treatment and prevention of hypertension. Aerobic exercise is best for Tony in his state because it is safe and easy. During exercise, Tony is supposed to drink enough water. He is not supposed to replace water with soft drinks. When he does not take enough water, he will have fatigue, and dizziness after exercise.
Adji, A., & O’Rourke, M. F. (2015 ). Blood Pressure Measurement: A New Frontier? The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 279-281.
Kushimoto, S., Yamanouchi, S., Endo, T., Sato, T., Nomura, R., Fujita, M., Sato, T. (2014 ). Body temperature abnormalities in non-neurological critically ill patients: a review of the literature. Journal of Intensive Care, 2-14.
Sharmana, J. E., & Stowasser, M. (2009). Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science Position Statement on Exercise and Hypertension. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 252-257.